Samira Sadeghi 1 2 3, Nihar D Masurkar 1 2, Girish Vallerinteavide Mavelli 1 2, Siddharth Deshpande 1 2 4, Warren Kok Yong Tan 1 2 4, Sherman Yee 1 2, Shin-Ae Kang 5, Yoon-Pin Lim 5, Edward Kai-Hua Chow 6 7, Chester L Drum 1 2 5 8
Bioorthogonal catalysis (BC) generates chemical reactions not present in normal physiology for the purpose of disease treatment. Because BC catalytically produces the desired therapy only at the site of disease, it holds the promise of site-specific treatment with little or no systemic exposure or side effects. Transition metals are typically used as catalytic centers in BC; however, solubility and substrate specificity typically necessitate a coordinating enzyme and/or stabilizing superstructure for in vivo application. We report the use of self-assembling, porous exoshells (tESs) to encapsulate and deliver an iron-containing reaction center for the treatment of breast cancer. The catalytic center is paired with indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), a natural product found in edible plants, which undergoes oxidative decarboxylation, via reduction of iron(III) to iron(II), to produce free radicals and bioactive metabolites. The tES encapsulation is critical for endocytic uptake of BC reaction centers and, when followed by administration of IAA, results in apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 triple negative cancer cells and complete regression of in vivo orthotopic xenograft tumors (p < 0.001, n = 8 per group). When Renilla luciferase (rLuc) is substituted for horseradish peroxidase (HRP), whole animal luminometry can be used to monitor in vivo activity.
PMID: 35653306 DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.1c11560